Technology in World Civilization

A Thousand-Year History

| ISBN: 9780262366298 | Copyright 2021

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Contents (pg. vii)
Preface to the Revised Edition (pg. ix)
Coauthor’s Note (pg. xv)
Credits for Illustrations (pg. xvii)
1. An Age of Asian Technology, AD 700–1100 (pg. 1)
A Balance in World History (pg. 1)
Hydraulic Engineering (pg. 6)
A New City in Mesopotamia (pg. 9)
Indian Ocean Trade (pg. 13)
Buddhists and Technology (pg. 17)
Perspectives (pg. 20)
2. Complexes and Contrasts in Basic Technology, AD 1100–1260 (pg. 23)
Asian Conflicts (pg. 23)
Spinning Wheels and Winding Machines (pg. 28)
Technology Complexes and Food Production (pg. 34)
Fine Technology (pg. 39)
The Years of Upheaval (pg. 43)
3. Movements West, 1150–1490 (pg. 45)
Islam and Africa (pg. 45)
Islam and Europe (pg. 49)
Making Paper (pg. 50)
Crusaders and Mongols (pg. 53)
Gunpowder and Firearms (pg. 55)
The Diffusion of Technology (pg. 60)
The Fourteenth-Century Watershed (pg. 63)
4. Agroecology in the Americas and Asian Trade (pg. 69)
Independent Invention (pg. 69)
Biological Resources (pg. 72)
Indian Ocean Shipping (pg. 76)
Silver from Peru and Gold from Africa (pg. 82)
5. Gunpowder Empires, 1450–1650 (pg. 87)
Turkish Ascendancy (pg. 87)
Gunpowder and Society (pg. 90)
Japanese Muskets (pg. 104)
6. Printing, Books, and Ideas about Technology, 1550–1750 (pg. 109)
Developments in Printing (pg. 109)
Concepts in Organization and Mechanization (pg. 117)
Innovation at a Silk Mill (pg. 119)
Factories and Plantations (pg. 122)
7. Three Industrial Movements, 1700–1815 (pg. 127)
Problems of Resources (pg. 127)
Steam Engines, Iron, and Coal (pg. 129)
A Second Industrial Movement (pg. 134)
The Challenge of Quality Imports (pg. 136)
A Third Industrial Movement (pg. 140)
Deindustrialization (pg. 147)
8. Guns and Rails: Asia, Britain, and America (pg. 151)
Asian Stimulus (pg. 151)
9. Railway Empires, 1850–1940 (pg. 173)
Rails in Russia (pg. 173)
Japanese Technology (pg. 176)
Innovation and Dialogue (pg. 180)
Imperialist Dimensions (pg. 182)
Silver Geometry (pg. 187)
Production Symbolism (pg. 191)
10. Scientific Discoveries and Technical Dreams, 1860–1960 (pg. 195)
Electricity and Chemistry (pg. 195)
The New Engine (pg. 198)
The Swallows Fly Laughing (pg. 201)
Dreams of New Worlds (pg. 203)
Atoms for Peace (pg. 206)
Policies for Technology in China (pg. 209)
Microelectronics (pg. 211)
11. Technologies for Health, Food, and Basic Needs (pg. 217)
Contrasting Visions of Technology (pg. 217)
Ecological Particularism (pg. 221)
The Green Revolution (pg. 223)
African Agriculture (pg. 226)
Agroforestry in Temperate Regions (pg. 233)
Household-Level Innovation in Rural Africa (pg. 235)
Significance of the African Experience (pg. 238)
12. Into the Twenty-First Century (pg. 241)
Waves of Innovation (pg. 241)
Twentieth-Century Technologies—Semiconductors and Communication (pg. 244)
Photovoltaic and Other Innovations (pg. 247)
Environmental Limits (pg. 250)
The Twenty-First-Century Industrial Revolution (pg. 258)
Notes (pg. 263)
Preface to the Revised Edition (pg. 263)
Coauthor’s Note (pg. 263)
1. An Age of Asian Technology, AD 700–1100 (pg. 263)
2. Complexes and Contrasts in Basic Technology, AD 1100–1260 (pg. 265)
3. Movements West, 1150–1490 (pg. 266)
4. Agroecology in the Americas and Asian Trade (pg. 267)
5. Gunpowder Empires, 1450–1650 (pg. 269)
6. Printing, Books, and Ideas about Technology, 1550–1750 (pg. 271)
7. Three Industrial Movements, 1700–1815 (pg. 272)
8. Guns and Rails (pg. 274)
9. Railway Empires, 1850–1940 (pg. 275)
10. Scientific Discoveries and Technical Dreams, 1860–1960 (pg. 277)
11. Technologies for Health, Food, and Basic Needs (pg. 279)
12. Into the Twenty-First Century (pg. 282)
Bibliography (pg. 285)
Index (pg. 313)
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