Thinking Things Through, 2e

An Introduction to Philosophical Issues and Achievements

by Glymour, Glymour

ISBN: 9780262329361 | Copyright 2015

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Thinking Things Through offers a broad, historical, and rigorous introduction to the logical tradition in philosophy and its contemporary significance. It is unique among introductory philosophy texts in that it considers both the historical development and modern fruition of a few central questions. It traces the influence of philosophical ideas and arguments on modern logic, statistics, decision theory, computer science, cognitive science, and public policy. The text offers an account of the history of speculation and argument, and the development of theories of deductive and probabilistic reasoning. It considers whether and how new knowledge of the world is possible at all, investigates rational decision making and causality, explores the nature of mind, and considers ethical theories. Suggestions for reading, both historical and contemporary, accompany most chapters. 

This second edition includes four new chapters, on decision theory and causal relations, moral and political theories, “moral tools” such as game theory and voting theory, and ethical theories and their relation to real-world issues. Examples have been updated throughout, and some new material has been added. It is suitable for use in advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate classes in philosophy, and as an ancillary text for students in computer science and the natural sciences.

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Contents (pg. vii)
Preface to the Second Edition (pg. ix)
Preface to the First Edition (pg. xi)
I The Idea of Proof (pg. 1)
1 Proofs (pg. 3)
2 Aristotle’s Theory of Demonstration and Proof (pg. 33)
3 Ideas, Combinations, and the Mathematics of Thought (pg. 63)
4 The Laws of Thought (pg. 91)
5 Frege’s New Logical World (pg. 111)
6 Modern Logic* (pg. 135)
II Experience, Knowledge, and Belief (pg. 157)
7 Skepticism (pg. 159)
8 Bayesian Solutions* (pg. 183)
9 Kantian Solutions (pg. 211)
10 Knowledge and Reliability (pg. 239)
11 Decisions and Causes (pg. 263)
III Minds (pg. 285)
12 Mind and Meaning (pg. 287)
13 The Computable* (pg. 311)
14 The Computational Concept of Mind (pg. 347)
IV Ethics (pg. 373)
15 Moral Issues, Moral Tools, and Challenges to Ethical Theory (pg. 375)
16 Moral and Political Theories (pg. 395)
17 Ethics in the Real World (pg. 431)
Afterword (pg. 437)
Notes (pg. 439)
Index (pg. 443)

Clark Glymour

Clark Glymour is Alumni University Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Carnegie Mellon University and Senior Research Scientist at Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition. He is the author of The Mind’s Arrows: Bayes Nets and Graphical Causal Models in Psychology (MIT Press), Galileo in Pittsburgh, and other books.

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