Post-Truth

by McIntyre

ISBN: 9780262345989 | Copyright 0

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How we arrived in a post-truth era, when “alternative facts” replace actual facts, and feelings have more weight than evidence.

Are we living in a post-truth world, where “alternative facts” replace actual facts and feelings have more weight than evidence? How did we get here? In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Lee McIntyre traces the development of the post-truth phenomenon from science denial through the rise of “fake news,” from our psychological blind spots to the public's retreat into “information silos.”

What, exactly, is post-truth? Is it wishful thinking, political spin, mass delusion, bold-faced lying? McIntyre analyzes recent examples—claims about inauguration crowd size, crime statistics, and the popular vote—and finds that post-truth is an assertion of ideological supremacy by which its practitioners try to compel someone to believe something regardless of the evidence. Yet post-truth didn't begin with the 2016 election; the denial of scientific facts about smoking, evolution, vaccines, and climate change offers a road map for more widespread fact denial. Add to this the wired-in cognitive biases that make us feel that our conclusions are based on good reasoning even when they are not, the decline of traditional media and the rise of social media, and the emergence of fake news as a political tool, and we have the ideal conditions for post-truth. McIntyre also argues provocatively that the right wing borrowed from postmodernism—specifically, the idea that there is no such thing as objective truth—in its attacks on science and facts.

McIntyre argues that we can fight post-truth, and that the first step in fighting post-truth is to understand it.

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CONTENTS (pg. ix)
SERIES FOREWORD (pg. xi)
PREFACE (pg. xiii)
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS (pg. xv)
1 WHAT IS POST-TRUTH? (pg. 1)
2 SCIENCE DENIAL AS A ROAD MAP FOR UNDERSTANDING POST-TRUTH (pg. 17)
“Doubt Is Our Product” (pg. 21)
Climate Change and Beyond (pg. 27)
Implications for Post-Truth (pg. 33)
3 THE ROOTS OF COGNITIVE BIAS (pg. 35)
Three Classic Findings from Social Psychology (pg. 36)
Contemporary Work on Cognitive Bias (pg. 43)
Implications for Post-Truth (pg. 58)
4 THE DECLINE OF TRADITIONAL MEDIA (pg. 63)
The Problem of Media Bias (pg. 75)
Implications for Post-Truth (pg. 85)
5 THE RISE OF SOCIAL MEDIA AND THE PROBLEM OF FAKE NEWS (pg. 89)
The History of Fake News (pg. 97)
Fake News Today (pg. 105)
Down the Rabbit Hole (pg. 111)
Fighting Back (pg. 117)
Implications for Post-Truth (pg. 121)
6 DID POSTMODERNISM LEAD TO POST-TRUTH? (pg. 123)
The Science Wars (pg. 128)
The Sokal Hoax (pg. 130)
Right-Wing Postmodernists (pg. 133)
Trolling for Trump (pg. 148)
7 FIGHTING POST-TRUTH (pg. 151)
Are We Entering the Pre-Truth Era? (pg. 165)
GLOSSARY (pg. 173)
NOTES (pg. 175)
BIBLIOGRAPHY (pg. 195)
FURTHER READINGS (pg. 205)
INDEX (pg. 207)
ABOUT THE AUTHOR (pg. 224)

Lee McIntyre

Lee McIntyre is a Research Fellow at the Center for Philosophy and History of Science at Boston University. He is the author of Dark Ages: The Case for a Science of Human Behavior and Post-Truth, both published by the MIT Press.

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