Paths to a Green World, 2e

The Political Economy of the Global Environment

by Clapp, Dauvergne

ISBN: 9780262294621 | Copyright 2011

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This comprehensive and accessible book fills the need for a political economy view of global environmental politics, focusing on the ways international economic processes affect environmental outcomes. It examines the main actors and forces shaping global environmental management, particularly in the developing world. Moving beyond the usual emphasis on international agreements and institutions, it strives to capture not only academic theoretical debates but also views on politics, economics, and the environment within the halls of global conferences, on the streets during antiglobalization protests, and in the boardrooms of international agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and industry associations. The book maps out an original typology of four contrasting worldviews of environmental change—those of market liberals, institutionalists, bioenvironmentalists, and social greens—and uses them as a framework to examine the links between the global political economy and ecological change. This typology provides a common language for students, instructors, and scholars to discuss the issues across the classical social science divisions.The second edition of this popular text has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect recent events, including the food crisis of 2007-2008, the financial meltdown of 2008, and the Copenhagen Climate Conference of 2009. Topics covered include the environmental implications of globalization; wealth, poverty, and consumption; global trade; transnational corporations; and multilateral and private finance.

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Contents (pg. vii)
Illustrations (pg. ix)
Preface (pg. xi)
Acknowledgments (pg. xv)
Acronyms (pg. xix)
Chapter 1. Peril or Prosperity? Mapping Worldviews of Global Environmental Change (pg. 1)
Four Environmental Worldviews (pg. 3)
Market Liberals (pg. 4)
Institutionalists (pg. 7)
Bioenvironmentalists (pg. 9)
Social Greens (pg. 12)
Conclusion (pg. 14)
Chapter 2. The Ecological Consequences of Globalization (pg. 19)
What Is Globalization? (pg. 19)
Globalization and the Global Environment (pg. 26)
Conclusion (pg. 42)
Chapter 3. The Globalization of Environmentalism (pg. 47)
The Evolution of Global Discourse on Environment and Development (pg. 48)
Global Environmental Governance (pg. 72)
Conclusion (pg. 85)
Chapter 4. Economic Growth in a World of Wealth and Poverty (pg. 87)
Wealth and Poverty for Market Liberals and Institutionalists (pg. 87)
Critiques: Bioenvironmentalists and Social Greens (pg. 106)
Conclusion (pg. 122)
Chapter 5. Global Trade and the Environment (pg. 127)
Globalization and Trade (pg. 129)
Trade’s Impact on the Environment: Three Schools of Thought (pg. 131)
The WTO and the Environment (pg. 143)
Regional Trade Agreements—Opportunity for Greener Models? (pg. 156)
Conclusion (pg. 159)
Chapter 6. Global Investment and the Environment (pg. 161)
Globalization and Transnational Corporations (pg. 162)
Differential Standards: Pollution Havens, Industrial Flight, Double Standards? (pg. 166)
TNCs and Site Practices (pg. 174)
Greening or Greenwash? (pg. 179)
TNCs and Global Governance for Investment and the Environment (pg. 185)
Conclusion (pg. 190)
Chapter 7. Global Financing and the Environment (pg. 193)
Scope and Trends in International Finance (pg. 194)
Multilateral Lending: The World Bank and the IMF (pg. 199)
Multilateral Environmental Aid: The GEF and Climate Funds (pg. 209)
Bilateral Finance: Export Credit Agencies (pg. 214)
Private Finance and the Environment (pg. 217)
Conclusion (pg. 223)
Chapter 8. Paths to a Green World? Four Visions for a Healthy Global Environment (pg. 227)
Market Liberal Vision (pg. 228)
Institutionalist Vision (pg. 233)
Bioenvironmentalist Vision (pg. 237)
Social Green Vision (pg. 241)
Clashing Visions? (pg. 245)
Notes (pg. 251)
References (pg. 283)
Index (pg. 333)

Jennifer Clapp

Jennifer Clapp is CIGI Chair in International Governance and Professor of Environmental Studies at the University of Waterloo. She is the coauthor of Paths to a Green World (MIT Press, 2005).

Peter Dauvergne

Peter Dauvergne is Professor of International Relations at the University of British Columbia. He is the author of The Shadows of Consumption: Consequences for the Global Environment and Eco-Business: A Big-Brand Takeover of Sustainability (with Jane Lister), both published by the MIT Press.

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