Open Economy Macroeconomics in Developing Countries

ISBN: 9780262316897 | Copyright 2013

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This rigorous and comprehensive textbook develops a basic small open economy model and shows how it can be extended to answer many important macroeconomic questions that arise in emerging markets and developing economies, particularly those regarding monetary, fiscal, and exchange rate issues. Eschewing the complex calibrated models on which the field of international finance increasingly relies, the book teaches the reader how to think in terms of simple models and grasp the fundamentals of open economy macroeconomics.

After analyzing the standard intertemporal small open economy model, the book introduces frictions such as imperfect capital markets, intertemporal distortions, and nontradable goods, into the basic model in order to shed light on the economy’s response to different shocks. The book then introduces money into the model to analyze the real effects of monetary and exchange rate policy. It then applies these theoretical tools to a variety of important macroeconomic issues relevant to developing countries (and, in a world of continuing financial crisis, to industrial countries as well), including the use of a nominal interest rate as a main policy instrument, the relative merits of flexible and predetermined exchange rate regimes, and the targeting of “real anchors.” Finally, the book analyzes in detail specific topics such as inflation stabilization, “dollarization,” balance of payments crises, and, inspired by recent events, financial crises. Each chapter includes boxes with relevant empirical evidence and ends with exercises. The book is suitable for use in graduate courses in development economics, international finance, and macroeconomics.

A graduate-level book in Open Economy Macroeconomics that would be quite useful for any course on the subject. It has a Newtonian elegance in that most of the text is developed within a cogent and rigorous framework. The scholarship is impeccable.

Guillermo Calvo Professor of Economics, International and Public Affairs, Columbia University

A comprehensive, theory-based, well-written exposition of the modern theory of the open economy. It will appeal to teachers of graduate courses in open economy economics, and to their students.

Stanley Fischer Stanley Fischer
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Contents (pg. v)
Preface (pg. vii)
Introduction (pg. 1)
1 The Basic Intertemporal Model (pg. 11)
2 Capital Market Imperfections (pg. 69)
3 Intertemporal Prices (pg. 111)
4 Nontradable Goods and Relative Prices (pg. 151)
5 The Basic Monetary Model (pg. 203)
6 The Monetary Approach to the Balance of Payments (pg. 263)
7 Temporary Policy (pg. 317)
8 Sticky Prices (pg. 361)
9 Interest Rate Policy (pg. 413)
10 Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy in the Open Economy (pg. 449)
11 Optimal Exchange Rate Regimes (pg. 511)
12 Real Anchors (pg. 567)
13 Stopping High Inflation (pg. 609)
14 Capital Inflows (pg. 671)
15 Dollarization (pg. 721)
16 Balance-of-Payments Crises (pg. 779)
17 Financial Crises (pg. 819)
Index (pg. 869)
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